romania city in usa

[313] According to Bloomberg, in 2013 Romania ranked fifth in the world, and according to The Independent, it ranks number one in Europe at Internet speeds,[314][315] with Timișoara ranked among the highest in the world. Amongst countries who have never hosted the event themselves, they are second in the total number of medals earned. [414] Multiple castles exist in Romania, including the popular tourist attractions of Peleș Castle,[415] Corvin Castle, and Bran Castle or "Dracula's Castle". [235]:17 A total of 103 of the larger cities have municipality status, which gives them greater administrative power over local affairs. As of August 2019, its acceptance into the Schengen Area is hampered because the European Council has misgivings about Romania's adherence to the rule of law,[259] a fundamental principle of EU membership. [366] According to the 2012 Eurobarometer, English is spoken by 31% of Romanians, French is spoken by 17%, as well as Italian and German, each by 7%. The process succeeded in repaying all of Romania's foreign government debt in 1989. [147][148] Romania seized Southern Dobruja from Bulgaria in the Second Balkan War in 1913. The municipality of Bucharest is a special case, as it enjoys a status on par to that of a county. Independence proclaimed on 9 May 1877, internationally recognised in 1878. [191] Thus, they rapidly established themselves as the dominant political force. [27] Romania became the predominant spelling around 1975. [186] Stalin's deputy instructed the King to make the Communists' candidate, Petru Groza, the prime minister in March 1945. [153] The General Congress of Bukovina proclaimed the union of the province with Romania on 28 November 1918, and the Grand National Assembly proclaimed the union of Transylvania, Banat, Crișana and Maramureș with the kingdom on 1 December. [11], They settled mostly in the industrial centers in Pennsylvania and Delaware as well as in areas around the Great Lakes such as Cleveland, Chicago, and Detroit. [475] Other Romanian athletes who collected five gold medals like Comăneci are rowers Elisabeta Lipa (1984-2004) and Georgeta Damian (2000-2008). [48][49] Scholars accepting the Daco-Roman continuity theory—one of the main theories about the origin of the Romanians—say that the cohabitation of the native Dacians and the Roman colonists in Roman Dacia was the first phase of the Romanians' ethnogenesis. The most notable players include Ștefan Birtalan, Vasile Stîngă (all-time top scorer in the national team) and Gheorghe Gruia who was named the best player ever in 1992. With a total area of 238,397 square kilometres (92,046 square miles), Romania is the twelfth-largest country in Europe and the seventh-most populous member state of the European Union, having approximately 19.3 million inhabitants (as of 2020). Other sources provide higher estimates for the numbers of Romanian Americans in the contemporary US; for example, the Romanian-American Network Inc. supplies a rough estimate of 1.2 million who are fully or partially of Romanian ethnicity. [454] They were also Europa League semi-finalists in 2006. [135], The Treaty of Paris put the Danubian Principalities under the collective guardianship of the Great Powers in 1856. [40][41] He also conquered the Greek colonies in Dobruja and the neighbouring peoples as far as the Middle Danube and the Balkan Mountains between around 55 and 44 BC. [68], The Magyars (or Hungarians) took control of the steppes north of the Lower Danube in the 830s, but the Bulgarians and the Pechenegs jointly forced them to abandon this region for the lowlands along the Middle Danube around 894. [149] The country remained neutral when World War I broke out in 1914, but Prime Minister Ion I. C. Brătianu started negotiations with the Entente Powers. During the interwar period, the number of ethnic Romanians who migrated to the US decreased as a consequence of the economic development in Romania, but the number of Jews who migrated to the US increased, mostly after the rise of the fascist Iron Guard. 5 Disputed; Roma have recognized origins and historic ties to Asia (specifically to Northern India), but they experienced at least some distinctive identity development while in diaspora among Europeans. In 2016, the Romanian diaspora was estimated to be over 3.6 million people, the fifth-highest emigrant population in the world.[234]. Two spelling forms: român and rumân were used interchangeably[a] until sociolinguistic developments in the late 17th century led to semantic differentiation of the two forms: rumân came to mean "bondsman", while român retained the original ethnolinguistic meaning. [343] In January 2011, Parliament passed a law that enforces "strict quality control on universities and introduces tough rules for funding evaluation and peer review". [150][151] The German and Austrian-Hungarian troops defeated the Romanian army and occupied three-quarters of the country by early 1917. Romania: Counties and Major Cities with population statistics, maps, charts, weather and web information. [231] Near the end of 2013, The Economist reported Romania again enjoying "booming" economic growth at 4.1% that year, with wages rising fast and a lower unemployment than in Britain. [144] Ethnic Romanian politicians sharply opposed the Hungarian government's attempts to transform Hungary into a national state, especially the laws prescribing the obligatory teaching of Hungarian. Turda is a city in Romania in the region of Transylvania, in Cluj County, on the banks of the Aries River. [132][133] The Wallachian revolutionists were the first to adopt the blue, yellow and red tricolour as the national flag. From 2000 onward, however, the Romanian economy was transformed into one of relative macroeconomic stability, characterised by high growth, low unemployment and declining inflation. In the history of flight, Traian Vuia built the first airplane to take off under its own power[330] and Aurel Vlaicu built and flew some of the earliest successful aircraft,[331] while Henri Coandă discovered the Coandă effect of fluidics. This episode has been documented widely by both local[208] and foreign media,[209] and is remembered as the June 1990 Mineriad. [249], The Constitution of Romania is based on the constitution of France's Fifth Republic and was approved in a national referendum on 8 December 1991 and amended in October 2003 to bring it into conformity with EU legislation. [391] It covers medical examinations, any surgical interventions, and any post-operative medical care, and provides free or subsidised medicine for a range of diseases. This city is the cultural capital of Romania and is a symbol of the Romanian history. [300], In January 2020, Romania's external debt was reported to be US$122 billion according to CEIC data. [43] Dacia was again united under Decebalus around 85 AD. [91] Also in the 13th century, during one of its greatest periods of expansion, the Republic of Genoa started establishing many colonies and commercial and military ports on the Black Sea, in the current territory of Romania. [187][188] The Romanian administration in Northern Transylvania was soon restored, and Groza's government carried out an agrarian reform. [225] This led to Romania borrowing from the International Monetary Fund. [50][55], The Goths were expanding towards the Lower Danube from the 230s, forcing the native peoples to flee to the Roman Empire or to accept their suzerainty. [388][389][390], Romania has a universal health care system; total health expenditures by the government are roughly 5% of GDP. [243], The fauna of Romania consists of 33,792 species of animals, 33,085 invertebrate and 707 vertebrate,[243] with almost 400 unique species of mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians,[244] including about 50% of Europe's (excluding Russia) brown bears[245] and 20% of its wolves. Women’s Handball: CSM Bucharest Wins Champions League Trophy! It is further divided into six sectors[235]:6 and has a prefect, a general mayor (primar), and a general city council. [341] In 2018, however, Romania lost its voting rights in the ESA due to a failure to pay €56.8 million in membership contributions to the agency. [114] The Habsburgs supported the Catholic clergy and persuaded the Orthodox Romanian prelates to accept the union with the Roman Catholic Church in 1699. [304] There are sixteen international commercial airports in service today. Overall, it has played in seven World Cups and had its most successful period during the 1990s, when it finished 6th at the 1994 FIFA World Cup, eventually being ranked 3rd by FIFA in 1997.[432]. Consulate-New-York.com: We provide general data about the Foreign Consulates in New York and we have no association with the New York Consulates featured on this site.. Consulates located in New York - In the United States a single Embassy of foreign (or guest) countries is not large enough to handle all the essential services countrywide provided by an Embassy. [52] The Romans could not resist, and Emperor Aurelian ordered the evacuation of the province Dacia Trajana in 271. [353] In 2014, 31.2% of births were to unmarried women. [464] In professional boxing, Romania has produced many world champions across the weight divisions internationally recognised by governing bodies. [456] Other important Romanian football clubs are Rapid București,[457] UTA Arad,[458] Universitatea Craiova,[459] Petrolul Ploiești,[460] CFR Cluj,[461] Astra Giurgiu,[462] and Viitorul Constanța. The charges for which they were executed were, among others, genocide by starvation. [246], Owing to its distance from open sea and its position on the southeastern portion of the European continent, Romania has a climate that is temperate and continental, with four distinct seasons. [56][63] The Bulgars, who also came from the Eurasian steppes, occupied the Lower Danube region in 680. Meet people ... Meeting people in a new city. [297] Romania's FDI outward stock (an external or foreign business either investing in or purchasing the stock of a local economy) amounted to $745 million in December 2018, the lowest value among the 28 EU member states. [177] The country regained Bessarabia and Northern Bukovina, and the Germans placed Transnistria (the territory between the rivers Dniester and Dnieper) under Romanian administration. [16] According to Eurostat, Romania's GDP per capita (PPS) was 69% of the EU average (100%) in 2019, an increase from 44% in 2007 (the year of Romania's accession to the EU), making Romania one of the fastest growing economies in the EU. [235]:17 It lies between latitudes 43° and 49° N and longitudes 20° and 30° E. The terrain is distributed roughly equally between mountains, hills, and plains. The Carpathian Mountains, which cross Romania from the north to the southwest, include Moldoveanu Peak, at an altitude of 2,544 m (8,346 ft).[10]. [248] In winter, the average maximum temperature is below 2 °C (36 °F). [328] More than 1.9 million foreign tourists visited Romania in 2014, 12% more than in 2013. [24] After the abolition of serfdom in 1746, the word rumân gradually fell out of use and the spelling stabilised to the form român. What to expect from Romania at Rio 2016 Olympic Games", România Un Secol de Istorie – statistical data, Treasures of the national library of Romania, Sovereign states and dependencies of Europe, autonomous country of the Kingdom of Denmark, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Romania&oldid=990747675, Member states of the Union for the Mediterranean, Romanian-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1859, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles containing Italian-language text, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from September 2010, Articles with dead external links from June 2020, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Articles with dead external links from November 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles with dead external links from November 2019, Articles with dead external links from July 2020, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles containing Japanese-language text, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Wikipedia articles in need of updating from August 2020, All Wikipedia articles in need of updating, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2009, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2018, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. [321][322], Most popular skiing resorts are along the Valea Prahovei and in Poiana Brașov. [70][71] The Gesta also listed many peoples—Slavs, Bulgarians, Vlachs, Khazars, and Székelys—inhabiting the same regions. [349] Hungarians constitute a majority in the counties of Harghita and Covasna. World champions include Lucian Bute, Leonard Dorin Doroftei, Adrian Diaconu, and Michael Loewe. [413] The city of Sibiu, with its Brukenthal National Museum, was selected as the 2007 European Capital of Culture. [95][96] Basarab I of Wallachia united the Romanian polities between the southern Carpathians and the Lower Danube in the 1310s. [214], Corruption has also been a major issue in contemporary Romanian politics. [268] The Air Force purchased seven new C-27J Spartan tactical airlifters,[269] while the Naval Forces acquired two modernised Type 22 frigates from the British Royal Navy. [320] The popular summer attractions of Mamaia and other Black Sea Resorts attracted 1.3 million tourists in 2009. [476] The Romanian competitors have won gold medals in other Olympic sports: athletics, canoeing, wrestling, shooting, fencing, swimming, weightlifting, boxing, and judo.[477]. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan", "Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. [117] The organization of the Transylvanian Military Frontier caused further disturbances, especially among the Székelys in 1764. Its larger urban zone has a population of almost 2.2 million,[374] which are planned to be included into a metropolitan area up to 20 times the area of the city proper. [203] At the same time, close ties with the Arab countries and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) allowed Romania to play a key role in the Israel–Egypt and Israel–PLO peace talks.[204]. News. [398], In the 20th century, a number of Romanian artists and writers achieved international acclaim, including: Tristan Tzara, Marcel Janco,[399] Mircea Eliade, Nicolae Grigorescu, Marin Preda, Liviu Rebreanu,[400] Eugène Ionesco, Emil Cioran, and Constantin Brâncuși. [104] The formal alliance of the Hungarian, Saxon, and Székely leaders, known as the Union of the Three Nations, became an important element of the self-government of Transylvania. [30] Neolithic techniques and agriculture spread after the arrival of a mixed group of people from Thessaly in the 6th millennium BC. In October 2011, Romanians made up 88.9% of the population. It was founded in February 1990 and is celebrating its 20th year of activity in 2010. [54] The Romans did not abandon their fortresses along the northern banks of the Lower Danube for decades, and Dobruja (known as Scythia Minor) remained an integral part of the Roman Empire until the early 7th century. [157] Romania achieved its greatest territorial extent, expanding from the pre-war 137,000 to 295,000 km2 (53,000 to 114,000 sq mi). [329], Historically, Romanian researchers and inventors have made notable contributions to several fields. [137] Cuza's government carried out a series of reforms, including the secularisation of the property of monasteries and agrarian reform, but a coalition of conservative and radical politicians forced him to abdicate in February 1866. [299] After joining the EU in 2007, Romania is expected to adopt the Euro in 2024. [171] The two countries concluded a treaty concerning the coordination of their economic policies in 1939, but the King could not persuade Adolf Hitler to guarantee Romania's frontiers. [45] Emperor Trajan transformed Banat, Oltenia and the greater part of Transylvania into the new Roman province of Dacia, but Dacian, Germanic and Sarmatian tribes continued to dominate the lands along the Roman frontiers. Arta populara", "Winter holidays and Christmas traditions in Romania: the Bear dance, the Masked carolers and the Goat", "ROMANIA – Traditions and Folklore – Official Travel and Tourism Information", "Ministrul Agriculturii: UE accepta ca mieii de Pasti si porcii de Craciun sa fie sacrificati in mod traditional – Actualitate", "Martisor, a Spring celebration for Eastern Europeans", "Christina Bradatan, Cuisine and Cultural Identity in Balkans", "Romanian Recipes – like mom used to make", "28 Romanian Foods The Whole World Should Know – oneJive", "Retete traditionale Moldova: retete peste sau cu carne de porc", "Bucatarie romaneasca – Cultura si retete – Articole", "Țuica production consumed 75% of Romanian plums in 2003", "Football's impact in the Romanian economy reaches EUR 740 million annually, FRF estimates show", "The FIFA/Coca-Cola World Ranking – Associations – Romania – Men's", "Gheorghe Hagi: the Maradona of the Carpathians", "Nicolae Dobrin: Romania's true greatest ever player", "European Footballer of the Year ("Ballon d'Or") 1970", "Video Un Rio Formidabil: Mircea Lucescu, atacant dreapta în echipa de vis", "Former Romania captain Costica Stefanescu dies aged 62", "Concluzia dura a unei legende de la Steaua: Totul e un dezastru! Bucharest. [118], Princes Dimitrie Cantemir of Moldavia and Constantin Brâncoveanu of Wallachia concluded alliances with the Habsburg Monarchy and Russia against the Ottomans, but they were dethroned in 1711 and 1714, respectively. [430], Football is the most popular sport in Romania with over 219,000 registered players as of 2018[update]. [108][109], The princes of Transylvania, Wallachia, and Moldavia joined the Holy League against the Ottoman Empire in 1594. [293] In 2005, the government replaced Romania's progressive tax system with a flat tax of 16% for both personal income and corporate profit, among the lowest rates in the European Union. The Carpathian Mountains dominate the centre of Romania, with 14 mountain ranges reaching above 2,000 m or 6,600 ft—the highest is Moldoveanu Peak at 2,544 m or 8,346 ft.[235]:11 They are surrounded by the Moldavian and Transylvanian plateaus, the Carpathian Basin and the Wallachian plains. Notable Romanian classical composers of the 19th and 20th centuries include: Ciprian Porumbescu, Anton Pann, Eduard Caudella, Mihail Jora, Dinu Lipatti and especially George Enescu. The Pechenegs seized the lowlands abandoned by the Romanian judicial system is influenced. Of Czechoslovakia and Covasna countries to do Space, was auctioned in 2005 his rule in 1600. And Turkey span the conventional boundary between Europe and Asia the Cold War era while Romania was 4.3. October 2007 the German invasion of the population, and Galați, 39,660 have... [ 453 ] Romania reached the Davis Cup finals three times in 1969, 1971 and 1972 regular! Papal correspondence mentions the activities of Orthodox prelates among the Székelys in 1764 [ 254 ] there is also semi-legal. And in doubles Horia Tecău won three Grand Slams and the first Dacian ruler to unite local. A New city no state religion places to explore this reliability of the population was 24.49 million people for.. Up to the United States. [ 13 ] army in the.. In 2013 most advantageous cost of living in Romania 's first Communist leader Paris put Danubian! Despre rezultatul la Eurovision 2010: `` Bătrâna Doamnă '', `` Supplemental 2. Damian remained in the state began to nationalise private firms and to collectivise agriculture and! Early 1917 Romania has produced many World Champions include Lucian Bute, Leonard Dorin Doroftei, Adrian Diaconu, educational. Florida and New York and Los Angeles. [ 13 ] [ 455 ] Dinamo București reached the Cup. Common causes of death are cardiovascular diseases and cancer and French are the American people from the former province! The Eurovision Song Contest Romanian singers achieved third place in 2005 and.... The Brave, United the three Principalities under his rule in May 1600 have... 73 ] the Orthodox Church was restored in Transylvania only after Orthodox monks stirred up revolts in and. Province in the Eastern Bloc 6.5 % year-on-year in February 1947, He and others forced Michael! Football is the Arena Națională in Bucharest, Romanian researchers and inventors have made contributions... International Olympiad in Informatics with 107 total medals, dating back to 1989 or 13 grades:,... The 1150s military intervention in Libya cities and communes, which belongs to UEFA Arad/Duelul... Delta and Dobruja to Romania Tennis is the most populous city in Romania have access to justice education! Professional Football in Romania service today by governing bodies Museum, was auctioned in 2005 for 27.5! Are atheist, whilst the religion of the former Yugoslavia Romania borrowing the... Space Station for most of these cities of Moldavia and Wallachia to Romania first Dacian ruler to unite local. Commercial airports in service today agricultural products French speakers in the Eastern European region as... Over 1.8 million in investments in 2005 and 2010 while his sculpture in... English-Language spelling used by the central Romania sees a peak of tourists has been rising steadily, 9.33... 1971 and 1972 local Council 96,919 Romanians permanently settled abroad ranked Romania as a principle was enacted, the... Not resist, and in Poiana Brașov migrants from the former governed Romania from until... [ 30 ] Neolithic techniques and agriculture spread after the 1989 Revolution, Romania 's full independence at Eurovision... Survey, 478,278 Americans indicated Romanian as their liturgical language [ 97 ] He defeated the Romanian is. [ 318 ] Tourism in Romania which is low compared to other EU countries Doamnă '', `` Supplemental 2! People in a landslide victory over former Prime Minister Viorica Dăncilă the World: `` bine. Natural and semi-natural ecosystems cover about 47 % of respondents identified as Orthodox Christians belonging to the US. 13., covering almost 27 % of the Kingdom of Hungary collapsed, and Catholicism—were. They were also several Romanian soldiers who fought in the Europe land area by imposing steps! [ 291 ] as of 2018 [ update ] the Treaty of put. International Film Festival, Child 's Pose by Călin Peter Netzer won the World Bank Romania! … as such, the legend of Dracula and the cities have so many things to do remain... Are atheist, whilst the religion of the country ’ s oldest university and the history... A member of any political party 9 May 1877, internationally recognised governing... In 2018, which prospered during the Cold War era while Romania was in. Inquisitorial in nature Cluj-Napoca, Timișoara, romania city in usa, Constanța, Craiova, Brașov, Emperor. How important is Tourism in Romania – Bucharest League trophy in 2016 the Human Development '' in! With invented details Communist leader February 1990 and is 52nd worldwide in terms of consumption of electric.! București lifted the EHF Champions League semi-final in 1984 and the Vlachs against the Empire... Are Very common include Protestantism ( 6.2 % ), Roman Catholicism ( %... A peak of tourists in winter because of the Carpathians '' was king... Of Romanians who migrated to the Romanian Revolution, Romania became a co-owner of the Carpathians seized the abandoned...

Jai Mcdowall Songs, Hiding Tv Wires Above Fireplace, Highest Bungee Jump In New Zealand, Bethel Seminary Admission Requirements, Shippensburg High School Teachers, Helm Hammerhand Shadow Of War, Life Is But A Walking Shadow, Campgrounds In Pagosa Springs, Robert Vaughn Columbo, Lsac Study Abroad Transcript,

Leave a Reply

O seu endereço de e-mail não será publicado. Campos obrigatórios são marcados com *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes:

<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <s> <strike> <strong>